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ONLINE SAFETY

TOP TIPS:

Illustration of a person holding shield with a lock on protecting a phone

Update and restart your device often to keep it secure

Change your privacy settings on your phone and social media

Use Social Media as a professional. This could be by having a personal private account and a public professional account or just by being respectful to others when interacting online.

Be critical of news and information and check sources.

Defend yourself - use strong and independent passwords, secure devices and question every email, text, call and download for scams

Look out for signs of radicalisation and online grooming and report anything harmful

Educate yourself. Keep up to date on changes to laws, policies and news

Speak up! Talk to a professionals to get advice and help

KEEPING SAFE ONLINE: GENERAL

Explore the links and videos below, to find out more about how you can protect yourself online

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Is Social Media Hurting Your Mental Health? | Bailey Parnell | TEDxRyersonU
14:45

Is Social Media Hurting Your Mental Health? | Bailey Parnell | TEDxRyersonU

Scrolling through our social media feeds feels like a harmless part of our daily lives. But is it actually as harmless at seems? According to social media expert Bailey Parnell, our growing and unchecked obsession with social media has unintended long term consequences on our mental health. As social media continues to become part of the fabric of modern life – the “digital layer” – abstinence is becoming less of an option. Bailey think it’s high time we learned to practice safe social before it’s too late. What are the common triggers? How are they affecting you over time? How can you create a more positive experience online? Bailey covers this and more in “Is Social Media Hurting Your Mental Health?” Bailey Parnell was recently named one of Canada's Top 100 Most Powerful Women. She is an award-winning digital marketer, public speaker and businesswoman with a talent for helping people tell better stories. Her work and expertise have been featured on CBC, CTV & in other local Toronto media. Bailey recently founded SkillsCamp, a soft skills training company where they help people develop the essential skills needed for professional success. She also currently works in digital marketing at Ryerson University. Bailey is a frequent public speaker having spoken to more than 10 thousand people. She primarily speaks about social media, personal branding, and media and mental health. She guest lectured her first MBA class at 21-years-old and has been the youngest speaker as multiple academic conferences. She is currently pursuing her Masters in Communication and Culture with a research focus on social media and mental health, and holds an honours BA from the RTA School of Media at Ryerson. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

PHISHING SCAMS

Phishing is a scam often used to steal your data, including login credentials and bank details. It occurs when an attacker pretends to be someone you trust and tricks you into opening an email, instant message, or text message.

You can take this quiz below to spot when you’re being phished.

Can you tell what's fake?

Have I been pwned Logo

STRONG PASSWORDS

Watch the Slides below to help you understand the difference between a WEAK and a STRONG password

KEEPING SAFE ONLINE: SOCIAL MEDIA

KEEPING SAFE ONLINE: DEVICES

 Look at the following articles for information on how and why you should change your phones settings.

Different devices and models will have slightly different settings so it may be worth Googling your specific device for instructions.

 

What software version does my phone have? Click to find out >         Android         Apple         Windows

Apple logo

Look into how Apple protect you and your privacy

Android Logo

Find out which android  settings you can change

Google Chrome Logo.

Choose what device you are on, and follow the instruction

Windows Logo

Look into how you can protect yourself on Windows devices

WHAT SETTINGS CAN I CHANGE ON MY DEVICE?

On most devices you can go to Settings > Privacy to find all the tools needed to tighten your security.

The tips below are generic. Different devices and models will have slightly different settings, so it may be worth searching online for instructions on how to change settings on your particular device.

Adjust the lock screen

This is a good place to start. These small changes can help keep your information safe and secure from anyone who picks up your phone. 

  • Change the time it takes for your screen to auto-lock to prevent someone from accessing it when you put it down. 

  • Use strong pins/passcodes and consider using biometrics (face or fingerprint) to unlock the phone - but be conscious of what else on your device can access this. 

  • Adjust what can be seen and accessed from the lock screen e.g. message notification and previews, access to Siri etc., access to camera and/or gallery

Disable location tracking

It can be useful to have your location on for certain apps to work - such as maps, 'find my phone' and pedometers - but other apps do not need to know where you are.  Only turn on your location when you need it. 

  • Turning off location can reduce the amount of targeted ads.  

  • It can prevent 'geotagging' on public images and posts. Do you want someone knowing you're away and your house is empty?

  •  Whilst rarer, stalking is on the rise. Turning location off and being mindful of who you share your location with (e.g. on Snapchat) can protect you from someone with malicious intent.

Check app permissions

Be critical of the permissions you give each app on your phone. What is and isn't essential?

  • Delete apps you no longer use so they aren't accessing your data and taking up memory unnecessarily.

  • Consider which permission you've granted each app - e.g. camera, mic, contacts, images - and why the app would need those permissions to serve it's function. You can toggle permissions on and off for individual apps from your phone's settings app.

  • Look into what apps can access your accounts and the personal information stored on them such as contacts, name, sexuality, address, finances.

  • Consider creating separate log in's for every app rather than 'signing in with Google/ Apple/ Facebook' to reduce what they have access to (for example, you may be unintentionally sharing your contacts, name, sexuality, location, finances etc.)

Edit personalisation

This refers to those notifications you get which are directly targeted at you, based on your habits - such as ones encouraging you to buy something you left in your 'basket' or notifications that your friend just posted something on Instagram. It is difficult to disable these completely, but there are some things that you can do. 

  • Turn of location tracking on device and each apps

  • Opt out of personalisation on individual apps (if given the option) and/or your accounts (Google, Apple, Amazon etc.)

  • Adjust your notification settings (phone and email) or turn them off completely for apps which send these notifications often e.g. Asos, Uber eats. Look at these types of apps with intent rather than being told to by a pop up.

Use 2-step Authentication

Where possible, set up two step authentication. This may take a few extra seconds when logging in, but it is worth it to protect you and your data. 

  • Consider creating and using an email that you aren't logged into on your phone/tablet. This prevents someone accessing your accounts using the 'forgot password' method if they get a hold of your device.  

  • Using biometrics can help stop others from accessing sensitive information e.g. on banking apps. Be critical about which apps you give access to this information, though.

Scan your devices

Most devices have their own built in security scanner. Consider running this regularly to check for malicious apps, activity, downloads and access. 

If you install third party apps to run checks, make sure you do thorough research and use apps that are well know and recommended by credible sources (such as Which?, PCMAG, TechRadar). 

Check Browser settings

Almost all modern phones have a default web browser built into them, but these store and collect your data the same way as it would on a computer.

  •  Consider using a different web browser to your phone's default. Search for 'privacy browsers for mobile' to get an idea of the alternatives available.

  • Go into the web browsers settings and look at what data it stores and collects, and check which settings are on by default (eg. targeted ads). 

  • Check what is stored in 'autofill' (when your browser automatically enters your name, address, bank details etc.). Whilst autofill is a convenient tool, it does increase the risk of other people getting hold of this information, for example if you lose your device or the browser company has a data breach. Is saving a few seconds typing your details in worth the risk?

  • Avoid using public wifi when searching the web (and using apps) for sensitive information. This could leave you vulnerable to cyber hacks. Where you do need to use public wifi, consider getting a VPN app to add an extra layer of security.

Check your defaults

Whilst a lot of automatic processes have been created to create a smoother and faster user experience, they can mean your information is being shared without you being aware. Share with intention instead by: 

  • Dialing back the amount of diagnostic feedback sent automatically by apps

  • Turn off auto cloud back-up/choose what is backed up rather than everything

  • Have NFC (near-field communication, used by smart wallets etc.), Bluetooth and location turned off as default. Only turn them on when you need them - this will help prevent data being shared without your knowledge.

On the flip side, some automatic systems could be turned on to reduce the amount of data stored which could potentially be accessed by someone else (plus it helps lower your devices storage) like: 

  • Auto delete emails after e.g. a year (this deletes them from your phone, not your emails entirely) 

  • Auto delete texts after e.g. 30 days

  • Regularly delete sensitive information from your devices

Keep devices up-to-date

This is simply to ensure that your device has the latest software settings which: 

  • Fixes bugs 

  • Has the latest's privacy and security settings

  • Complies with the latest laws and policies 

  • Keeps the device more secure from cyber attacks

LEDGER OF HARM

LEARN MORE

GET SUPPORT

It's difficult to stop distractions from access to anything and everything (all of the time) but we will help you to get better at using technology with intention and purpose to improve yourself at BCoT. The Digital team are here to help you and your Teachers improve your learning experience. Find us on the first floor in F Block, in the the Learning Hub, LaunchSpace or in the Lab (F102)

INTERACTING SAFELY ONLINE